Blue Law Meaning Idiom

Research has been conducted on the effects of repealing the Blue Laws, with Professor Elesha Coffman of Baylor University writing:[45] The first known example of the term “blue laws” in printed form was in the March 3, 1755 issue of the New York Mercury, in which the author envisions a future journal praising the revival of “our old blue laws [of Connecticut].” In his 1781 book General History of Connecticut, the Reverend Samuel Peters (1735-1826) used the term to describe many laws passed by the Puritans of the 17th century prohibiting various Sunday activities, both recreational and commercial. [14]. [15] In addition, Peters` book is considered an unreliable representation of laws and was probably written to satirize their puritanical nature. [16] “Blue Law”. dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 4 October 2022. In Canada, the Sunday League, a Roman Catholic Sunday league, supported the Lord`s Day Act in 1923 and promoted Sabbatarian legislation on the first day. [20] [Failure of the review] [21] Beginning in the 1840s, workers, Jews, Seventh-day Baptists, freethinkers, and other groups began to organize opposition. Throughout the century, Sunday laws fueled controversy between church and state and contributed to the emergence of modern American minority rights policies. [22] On the other hand, the new Dies Domini, which was created in 1998 by Pope John Paul II. Sunday legislation, as it protects civil servants and employees; The 2011 Catholic Conference of North Dakota also affirmed that the Blue Laws, in accordance with the Compendium of The Church`s Social Doctrine, “ensure that citizens are not denied time for rest and divine worship for reasons of economic productivity.” [23] Similarly, while acknowledging the partially religious origin of the Blue Laws, Chief Justice Earl Warren recognized the “secular purpose they served by providing workers with an advantage while increasing the productivity of labor.” [24] n.

State or local laws prohibit certain activities, especially entertainment, sports, or drinking on Sundays, to honor the Christian Sabbath. In most cases, the blue laws have been repealed, but the remainder remains at least informal. Since 2007, blue laws have been enacted, which has led to the closure of shops on the 13 public holidays in Poland – these are both religious and secular rest days. In 2014, an initiative by the Law and Justice party failed to pass reading in the Diet to ban trade on Sundays and public holidays. However, since 2018, the ruling government and the President of Poland have signed a law limiting retail trade from March 1, 2018 to the first and last Sunday of the month, Palm Sunday, the 3rd and 4th Sundays of Advent, as well as trade until 2 p.m. for Easter Saturday and Christmas Eve. In 2019, the restriction was extended and trade was only allowed on the last Sunday of the month, as well as Palm Sunday, the 3rd and 4th Sundays of Advent, as well as trade until 2 p.m. for Easter Saturday and Christmas Eve. From 2020, shops can only be open 7 Sundays a year: Palm Sunday, 3. and 4th Sunday of Advent, last Sunday of January, April, June and August as well as trade until 14:00 for Easter Saturday and Christmas Eve. [33] Due to restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2nd Sunday of Advent was then added as a shopping day.

[34] In Texas, for example, Blue Laws prohibited the sale of household items such as pots, pans, and washing machines on Sundays until 1985. In Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Oklahoma, New Jersey, North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, car dealerships continue to operate under blue bans where a car cannot be purchased or exchanged on a Sunday. Maryland only allows Sunday car sales in Charles, Prince George, Montgomery, and Howard counties; Similarly, Michigan limits Sunday sales to counties with fewer than 130,000 residents. Texas and Utah prohibit car dealerships from working for consecutive weekend days. In some cases, these laws have been created or maintained with the support of those affected to allow them a day off each week without fear that their competitors will still be open. [42] The rise of the abstinence movement after the Civil War led to the passage of numerous blue laws banning the sale of alcohol on Sundays, whether in a bar or retail store. These prohibitions sometimes prohibited the sale of tobacco products, and by the late nineteenth century, some public conversations were not allowed on Sundays. After the failure of prohibition and the legalization of alcoholic beverages in 1933, many states and places used their blue laws to prevent the operation of liquor stores and bars on Sundays. In 1781, the Reverend Samuel Peters published A General History of Connecticut, in which he used the term Blue Laws to refer to a set of laws enacted by the Puritans in the 1600s to control morality. He said the laws were printed on blue paper, hence the terminology. However, historians have concluded that this claim was false, as were many laws he is said to have discovered. Some have speculated that the use of the word blue came from a connotation that suggested a strictly moral position, similar to the term blue nose, which refers to a prudish and moralistic person.

The Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of the Blue Laws in McGowan v. Maryland, 366 U.S. 420, 81 pp. Ct. 1101, 6 L.Ed.2d 393 (1961). The state of Maryland has ordered many stores to close on Sundays. Professions of necessity or charity have been excluded from the law, which includes hospitals. Department stores could open on Sundays, but only certain retail items could be sold that day: tobacco, sweets, milk, bread, fruit, gasoline, oils, fats, medicines, medicines, newspapers and magazines. Maryland fined employees of a department store for selling items that were not on the list of exemptions. These items included a notebook, a box of floor wax, a stapler and staples, and a toy submarine.

The employees appealed their convictions to the Supreme Court, arguing that Maryland`s Blue Law violated the equal protection and due process clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment and the First Amendment settlement clause. They claimed that the law was based on certain religious beliefs and required all people to minimize the day of Christian worship. There are also blue laws in the Cook Islands and Niue. In the Cook Islands, these were the first written laws enacted in 1827 by the London Missionary Society with the consent of the Ariki (chiefs).

Blue Law Meaning Idiom